• 首页关于本刊投稿须知订阅指南广告合作投稿指南旧版入口联系我们
期刊订阅

植物保护淘宝

植物保护微店
赵胜园 1#, 杨现明 1#, 和 伟 1, 2, 张浩文 1, 姜玉英 3, 吴孔明 1*.草地贪夜蛾卵巢发育分级与繁殖潜力预测方法[J].植物保护,2019,45(6):28-34.
草地贪夜蛾卵巢发育分级与繁殖潜力预测方法
Ovarian development gradation and reproduction potential prediction in Spodoptera frugiperda
投稿时间:2019-08-13  修订日期:2019-08-30
DOI:10.16688/j.zwbh.2019413
中文关键词:  草地贪夜蛾  卵巢发育级别  繁殖潜力  测报
英文关键词:Spodoptera frugiperda  ovary development stage  reproduction potential  monitoring and forecasting
基金项目:国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-15-19); 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(Y2019YJ06)
作者单位E-mail
赵胜园 1#, 杨现明 1#, 和 伟 1, 2, 张浩文 1, 姜玉英 3, 吴孔明 1* 1. 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100193
2. 河南农业大学植物保护学院, 郑州 450002
3. 全国农业技术推广服务中心, 北京 100125 
wukongming@caas.cn 
摘要点击次数: 35
全文下载次数: 39
中文摘要:
      草地贪夜蛾已成为严重威胁我国粮食生产的重大入侵害虫, 生产上需要精准的测报技术。卵巢发育分级是鳞翅目害虫短期测报的主要手段, 但目前尚缺乏对草地贪夜蛾卵巢发育分级技术的研究。本文对草地贪夜蛾卵巢发育分级与繁殖潜力预测方法的研究表明, 草地贪夜蛾卵巢管发育始于蛹期, 成虫卵巢发育可分成5个级别:乳白透明期(Ⅰ级)、卵黄沉积期(Ⅱ级)、成熟待产期(Ⅲ级)、产卵盛期(Ⅳ级)及产卵末期(Ⅴ级)。在25℃下, 草地贪夜蛾卵巢发育Ⅰ~Ⅴ级成虫平均日龄分别为1.22、2.24、4.26、6.68及9.08 d, 卵巢管平均长度分别为42.12、45.55、61.75、48.88和19.45 mm, 卵巢管平均宽度分别为272.21、329.40、490.16、567.55和462.42 μm, 卵粒平均直径分别为126.57、339.40、490.16、477.55和489.97 μm, 卵巢管抱卵量分别为1 251.68、1 747.04、1 809.92、732.64和81.12粒。卵巢发育分级与卵巢管长度及卵巢管宽度符合三次多项式方程关系, 与卵粒直径及抱卵量符合二次方程关系。以上结果提出了草地贪夜蛾卵巢发育分级与繁殖潜力的预测方法, 为草地贪夜蛾种群发生期和发生量的预测预报工作提供了技术支撑。
英文摘要:
      The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) is threatening crop production in China as an important invasive pest, and monitoring and forecasting method of S.frugiperda is needed for its effective control. Ovary development gradation is an important technique in pest monitoring and forecasting. In this paper, we studied the methods for ovarian development gradation and reproduction potential prediction of S.frugiperda. Our results showed that the pupae of the insect has an immature ovary, and the adult ovaries can be graded into five stages, including transparent opalescent phase (Ⅰ), yolk deposition phase (Ⅱ), egg maturation phase (Ⅲ), peak phase of oviposition (Ⅳ) and terminal phase of oviposition (Ⅴ). The mean day-age forⅠ-Ⅴ females were 1.22, 2.24, 4.26, 6.68 and 9.08 days at 25℃. The mean length of the ovarian tubes were 42.12, 45.55, 61.75, 48.88 and 19.45 mm, the mean width of the ovarian tube were 272.21, 329.40, 490.16, 567.55 and 462.42 μm, the mean diameters of egg were 126.57, 339.40, 490.16, 477.55 and 489.97 μm, the mean number of eggs within ovarian tubes were 1 251.68, 1 747.04, 1 809.92, 732.64 and 81.12, respectively. Regression analysis revealed that ovarian development grade fit with a cubic polynomial equation with the length and width of ovarian tubes, and fit with a quadratic equation with egg diameters and the number of eggs within ovarian tubes. The methods for ovarian development gradation and reproduction potential prediction of S. frugiperda are valuable for the accurate forecast of outbreak time and occurrence quantity of the pest in the field.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭