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张艺萍1, 杨慈琳2, 许 凤1, 钱绍方3, 张丽芳1, 王丽花1, 王继华1*, 汤东生2*.云南曲靖和蒙自万寿菊主栽区有害生物调查与分析[J].植物保护,2024,50(3):293-299.
云南曲靖和蒙自万寿菊主栽区有害生物调查与分析
Investigation and analysis of pests in the main marigold planting areas of Qujing and Mengzi in Yunnan
投稿时间:2023-05-11  修订日期:2023-07-29
DOI:10.16688/j.zwbh.2023234
中文关键词:  万寿菊  病害  虫害  草害  调查
英文关键词:Tagetes erecta  disease  insect  weed  investigation
基金项目:国家大宗蔬菜产业技术体系花卉昆明综合试验站项目(CARS-23-G56);云南省科学技术协会王继华专家工作站项目;曲靖市王继华专家工作站项目;云南省张艺萍专家基层科研工作站项目
作者单位E-mail
张艺萍1, 杨慈琳2, 许 凤1, 钱绍方3, 张丽芳1, 王丽花1, 王继华1*, 汤东生2* 1. 云南省农业科学院花卉研究所, 云南省花卉育种重点实验室, 国家观赏园艺工程技术研究中心, 昆明 650205
2. 云南农业大学植物保护学院, 云南生物资源保护与利用国家重点实验室, 昆明 650201
3. 云南博浩生物科技集团股份有限公司, 曲靖 655331 
王继华1169889638@qq.com;汤东生tangds@ ynau.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      近年来, 我国万寿菊单一种植规模不断扩大, 有害生物的发生越发严重, 影响万寿菊产量与品质, 造成较大的经济损失。关于万寿菊有害生物调查, 前人报道多集中于吉林、海南、黑龙江、贵州、甘肃、山西等地, 对云南万寿菊主产区的有害生物缺乏系统调查。因此, 本次研究在全国最大的万寿菊种植区和近两年来万寿菊叶黄素含量最高的种植区, 即曲靖市沾益区和蒙自市冷泉镇进行有害生物系统调查, 发现曲靖地区万寿菊主要病害有褐斑病和枯萎病; 主要害虫包括美洲斑潜蝇、斜纹夜蛾、棉铃虫等10种; 主要杂草有粗毛牛膝菊、鬼针草、马唐、千针苋等19种。蒙自地区万寿菊主要病害有褐斑病和炭疽病; 主要害虫包括美洲斑潜蝇、四斑长跗萤叶甲、棉铃虫等9种; 主要杂草有粗毛牛膝菊、马唐、尼泊尔蓼、细柄野荞麦等13种。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, the scale of single cultivation of marigolds in China has been expanding, and the occurrence of pests has become more and more serious, seriously affecting the yield and quality of marigold, and has caused serious economic losses. Regarding the investigation of marigold pests, previous reports were mostly concentrated in Jilin, Hainan, Heilongjiang, Guizhou, Gansu, Shanxi and other places, and there was a lack of systematic investigation of pests in the main production areas of marigold in Yunnan. Therefore, this study conducted pest system investigation in the largest marigold planting area in China and the marigold planting area with the highest lutein content in the past two years, namely Zhanyi district of Qujing city and Lengquan town of Mengzi city. It was found that the main diseases of marigold in Qujing area were brown spot disease and wilt disease. The main insects included 10 species, such as Liriomyza sativae, Spodoptera litura and Helicoverpa armigera. The main weeds included 19 species, such as Galinsoga quadriradiata, Bidens pilosa, Digitaria sanguinalis and Acroglochin persicarioides. The main diseases of marigold in Mengzi area are brown spot and anthracnose. The main insects included nine species, such as L.sativae, Monolepta signata and H.armigera. The main weeds included 13 species, such as G.quadriradiata, D.sanguinalis, Polygonum nepalense and Fagopyrum gracilipes.
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