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丁新华1#*, 王小武1#, 付开赟1, 贾尊尊1, 卢 屹2, 魏新振2, 王志慧3, 阿尔孜姑丽·肉孜1, 吐尔逊·阿合买提1, 郭文超1*.新疆亚洲玉米螟暴发成灾驱动机制分析及其治理对策[J].植物保护,2024,50(3):24-36.
新疆亚洲玉米螟暴发成灾驱动机制分析及其治理对策
Analysis on driving mechanism of the outbreak of Asian corn borer and its management strategies in Xinjiang
投稿时间:2024-02-17  修订日期:2024-03-09
DOI:10.16688/j.zwbh.2024083
中文关键词:  新疆  亚洲玉米螟  灾变机制  驱动因素  综合治理
英文关键词:Xinjiang  Ostrinia furnacalis  disaster mechanism  driving factors  integrated management
基金项目:新疆维吾尔自治区重大科技专项(2023A02009)
作者单位E-mail
丁新华1#*, 王小武1#, 付开赟1, 贾尊尊1, 卢 屹2, 魏新振2, 王志慧3, 阿尔孜姑丽·肉孜1, 吐尔逊·阿合买提1, 郭文超1* 1. 新疆农业科学院植物保护研究所, 农业农村部西北荒漠绿洲作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 新疆农业生物安全重点实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830091
2. 新疆维吾尔自治区植物保护站, 乌鲁木齐 830049
3. 新疆农业科学院微生物应用研究所, 新疆特殊环境微生物重点实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830091 
丁新华dingxinhua1984@163.com; 郭文超gwc1966@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      亚洲玉米螟Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée)为新疆玉米生产中的主要害虫, 2010年以来呈整体暴发态势, 并造成了极为严重的产量损失, 已成为制约当前新疆玉米高产稳产和粮食产能提升最重要的害虫, 然而有关其暴发成灾的驱动机制尚不清楚。为此, 本文通过分别概述近年来新疆气候、作物种植结构、栽培耕作措施以及亚洲玉米螟田间发生世代的变化情况, 综合分析了上述变化对亚洲玉米螟越冬幼虫存活、个体生长发育、取食偏好和种群增殖扩张等方面造成的具体影响。在此基础上, 结合已有大量研究成果, 系统解析了新疆绿洲生态区亚洲玉米螟种群暴发成灾的驱动机制。此外, 本文还介绍了新疆植保科技工作者在亚洲玉米螟综合治理技术研究与应用方面取得的相关成果, 简述了田间治理采取的措施和取得的防治成效, 最终为亚洲玉米螟的持续有效治理提供一定参考。
英文摘要:
      The Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée) has emerged as a major pest in corn production in Xinjiang, leading to a pronounced outbreak trend and severe yield losses since 2010. It has become the most important pest restricting high and stable corn yields and grain productivity in Xinjiang. However, the mechanism driving the outbreak of O. furnacalis is still unclear. This review provided a comprehensive summary of climate variations, changes in crop planting structure, cultivation practices and occurrence generation of O. furnacalis in corn field of Xinjiang in recent years, and comprehensively analyzed the specific effects of these changes on the survival of overwintering larvae, individual growth and development, feeding preferences, population growth and expansion. Based on extensive research findings, this review systematically analyzed the driving mechanism underlying the outbreak and disaster of O. furnacalis populations in the oasis ecological areas of Xinjiang. In addition, this paper also introduced the achievements in the research and application of integrated management technologies for O. furnacalis made by plant protection scientists in Xinjiang, briefly described the countermeasures taken and the control achievement, offering valuable insights for the sustainable and effective management of O. furnacalis.
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