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刘新涛, 赵 辉, 倪云霞, 赵新贝, 王 婧, 李永冬, 刘红彦*.我国芝麻田杂草防控现状及建议[J].植物保护,2024,50(3):10-16.
我国芝麻田杂草防控现状及建议
Status and suggestions for weed control in sesame fields in China
投稿时间:2023-05-04  修订日期:2023-05-30
DOI:10.16688/j.zwbh.2023208
中文关键词:  芝麻  杂草  防控现状  建议
英文关键词:sesame  weed  control status  suggestion
基金项目:财政部和农业农村部:国家现代农业产业技术体系(CARS-14)
作者单位E-mail
刘新涛, 赵 辉, 倪云霞, 赵新贝, 王 婧, 李永冬, 刘红彦* 河南省农业科学院植物保护研究所, 农业农村部华北南部作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 河南省农作物病虫害防治重点实验室, 郑州 450002 liuhy1219@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      本研究对我国主要芝麻产区杂草发生情况和防控现状进行了调查。结果显示, 我国芝麻田杂草共计31科86种, 使用的除草剂共15种, 普遍存在阔叶杂草难防控等问题。芝麻田杂草防控难与科研基础薄弱和可用除草剂品种严重不足有关。针对上述情况, 提出加大基础研究力度、重视除草剂筛选登记工作、加强抗除草剂育种、加速植保机械的研发及产业化、研究和推广注重芝麻田生态系统保护的标准化防控技术等建议。
英文摘要:
      The occurrence and control status of weeds in sesame producing areas of China were investigated. The results revealed that there are 86 weed species across 31 families and 15 commonly used herbicides in sesame fields in China. Notably, controlling broad-leaved weeds proved challenging. It is difficult to control weeds in sesame fields because of the weak research foundation and the scarcity of available herbicides. To address these issues, it is suggested to increase basic research, attach importance to herbicide screening and registration, strengthen herbicide-resistant breeding, expedite research and development, and industrialization of plant protection machinery, and promote standardized prevention and control technologies focusing on safeguarding the sesame field ecosystem.
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