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赵永田1, 2, 马 悦2, 3, SHETH Sujitraj2, 陈 卓2*.我国茶树叶部主要真菌病害及绿色防控现状、挑战及展望[J].植物保护,2023,49(5):133-144.
我国茶树叶部主要真菌病害及绿色防控现状、挑战及展望
Major fungal diseases of tea leaves, and the status, challenges, and prospects of green prevention and control in China
投稿时间:2023-09-14  修订日期:2023-09-23
DOI:10.16688/j.zwbh.2023479
中文关键词:  茶树  真菌病害  绿色防控  挑战  展望
英文关键词:Camellia sinensis  fungal disease  green prevention and control  challenges  prospects
基金项目:黔南州科技计划(黔南科合[2022]09号); 国家重点研发计划(2022YFD1700504);中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2023M730813);国家自然科学基金(32260080)
作者单位E-mail
赵永田1, 2, 马 悦2, 3, SHETH Sujitraj2, 陈 卓2* 1. 黔南民族师范学院生物科学与农学院, 都匀 558000
2. 贵州大学绿色农药全国重点实验室, 贵阳 550025
3. 贵州大学农学院, 贵阳 550025 
gychenzhuo@aliyun.com 
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中文摘要:
      茶树是我国重要的经济作物, 而真菌病害是造成茶叶品质下降和经济损失的主要因素之一。因缺乏安全、有效、经济的绿色防控措施, 限制了我国茶产业的高质量发展。为破解我国茶树病害绿色防控的难题, 推动茶产业高质量发展, 本文概述了茶树叶部主要真菌病害的发生流行、病害病原的鉴定和致病机制的研究工作, 系统梳理了茶树健康栽培、病害免疫诱抗、生物防治和化学防治等技术的现状, 重点探讨了我国茶树真菌病害治理所面临的挑战, 并展望了我国茶树真菌病害绿色防控的对策和实现路径。
英文摘要:
      Camellia sinensis is an important cash crop in China, however, fungal diseases are one of the major causes of tea quality deterioration and economic losses. The lack of safe, effective, and economical green prevention and control measures have limited the high-quality development of China's tea industry. In order to solve the problem of green prevention and control of C. sinensis diseases in China and promote the high-quality development of the tea industry, this paper outlined the work of the occurrence and prevalence, pathogen identification, and pathogenic mechanism of major fungal diseases on the tea leaves in China. And systematically combed through the status quo of the technologies of healthy cultivation, immune-induced resistance, biological control and chemical control, and so on, focused on the discussion of the challenges faced for the management of fungal diseases in C. sinensis in China, and looked forward to the countermeasures and paths of realizing the green prevention and control of fungal diseases of the C. sinensis China.
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