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袁彬乔, 赵向杰, 张金勇, 王 丽, 黄天祥, 涂洪涛*.橘小实蝇在郑州地区的发生规律及防控技术研究[J].植物保护,2023,49(2):304-309.
橘小实蝇在郑州地区的发生规律及防控技术研究
Occurrence regularity and control technology of Bactrocera dorsalis in Zhengzhou
投稿时间:2021-11-08  修订日期:2022-04-07
DOI:10.16688/j.zwbh.2021618
中文关键词:  橘小实蝇  发生规律  毒力测定  诱杀技术
英文关键词:Bactrocera dorsalis  occurrence regularity  virulence test  trapping and killing technology
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFE0135600); 长江猕猴桃产业技术研究中心研发计划(CJZX20210109)
作者单位E-mail
袁彬乔, 赵向杰, 张金勇, 王 丽, 黄天祥, 涂洪涛* YUAN Binqiao, ZHAO Xiangjie, ZHANG Jinyong, WANG Li, HUANG Tianxiang, TU Hongtao* tuhongtao@caas.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为探明橘小实蝇Bactrocera dorsalis在北方落叶果树产区的寄主范围?发生规律及为害程度等, 对橘小实蝇在郑州地区果园的发生?为害及防控技术进行了研究?利用橘小实蝇性诱剂对成虫进行监测; 测定了菊酯类?有机磷类?烟碱类?微生物类和氨基甲酸酯类共12种杀虫剂对橘小实蝇的室内毒力; 并开展了诱杀法田间防治橘小实蝇研究?结果显示, 橘小实蝇在郑州地区一年发生4~5代, 为害时期为6月-11月?敌百虫和毒死蜱对橘小实蝇成虫毒力最高?诱杀法中性诱剂黄板和实蝇生物诱捕剂的引诱作用持效期约为7 d?在苹果采收前后, 香蕉精油和苹果精油对橘小实蝇的诱集效果最佳?在郑州地区需要在6月前对橘小实蝇的发生做好监测防范工作, 单一使用诱杀法效果不佳, 需在高峰期使用化学防治配合其他措施进行防治?
英文摘要:
      This study aims to investigate the host range of Bactrocera dorsalis in northern deciduous fruit tree producing areas, and understand the occurrence regularity and damage degree of B. dorsalis. The occurrence, damage and control technology of B. dorsalis were studied in orchards in Zhengzhou. The occurrence regularity was monitored by using pheromone, and the indoor toxicity of 12 kinds of pyrethroids, organophosphorus, nicotine, microorganisms and carbamates against fruit fly were determined. The results showed that B. dorsalis occurred 4-5 generations a year in Zhengzhou, and the harm period was from June to November. Trichlorfon and chlorpyrifos had the highest toxicity to the adults of B. dorsalis. The attractant effect of pheromone yellow board and fruit fly biological trap lasted about seven days. Banana essential oil and apple essential oil had the best attractant effect on B. dorsalis around harvesting in apple orchard. It is necessary to monitor and prevent the occurrence of B. dorsalis before June in Zhengzhou. The single use of trapping and killing method has poor effect. Chemical control should be used in the peak period with other measures.
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