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尹海辰1, 许 冬1, 杨妮娜1, 李 栋2, 丛胜波1, 杨甜甜1, 万 鹏1*.绿盲蝽、Q型烟粉虱、赤拟谷盗对云木香气味物质的嗅觉反应及其在防治中的应用[J].植物保护,2023,49(2):129-136.
绿盲蝽、Q型烟粉虱、赤拟谷盗对云木香气味物质的嗅觉反应及其在防治中的应用
Olfactory responses of Apolygus lucorum, Bemisia tabaci Q-biotype and Tribolium castaneum to odorants from Aucklandia costus and their application in pest control
投稿时间:2021-11-13  修订日期:2022-01-24
DOI:10.16688/j.zwbh.2021634
中文关键词:  “推-拉”策略  绿盲蝽  赤拟谷盗  Q型烟粉虱  挥发物
英文关键词:“push-pull” strategy  Apolygus lucorum  Tribolium castaneum  Bemisia tabaci Q-biotype  volatiles
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年基金(32001966)
作者单位E-mail
尹海辰1, 许 冬1, 杨妮娜1, 李 栋2, 丛胜波1, 杨甜甜1, 万 鹏1* YIN Haichen1, XU Dong1, YANG Nina1, LI Dong2, CONG Shengbo1, YANG Tiantian1, WAN Peng1* wanpenghb@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      选择17种云木香挥发物测定绿盲蝽对其电生理及行为学反应?结果表明, 芳樟醇和5-羟甲基糠醛可引起绿盲蝽强烈的电生理反应, 且芳樟醇对绿盲蝽雌?雄虫均具有极显著的驱避作用, 选择反应率均低于40%?而5-羟甲基糠醛原液与100倍稀释液均能显著地引诱绿盲蝽, 选择反应率分别为51.43%和70.59%?此外, 芳樟醇原液对Q型烟粉虱驱避与5-羟甲基糠醛对其的引诱作用同样显著?将这两种化合物组合形成“推-拉”策略后, 寄主上绿盲蝽和Q型烟粉虱平均虫量分别为(2.2±0.6)头和(1.9±1.0)头, 粘虫板上虫量分别为(7.7±0.7)头和(21.9±1.6)头, 与对照组差异显著?5-羟甲基糠醛未对赤拟谷盗表现出引诱作用, 但芳樟醇驱避作用显著, 选择反应率为25%?表明利用“推-拉”策略防治经济害虫具有良好应用前景?
英文摘要:
      Seventeen volatiles from Aucklandia costus were selected and their electrophysiological and behavioral responses to Apolygus lucorum were tested. The results showed that linalool and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural induced strong electrophysiological response of A. lucorum; linalool had a significant repellent effect on both sexes of A. lucorum, and the selective response rates were both below 40%.5-hydroxymethylfurfural and 100-fold dilution had a significant attractive effect on A. lucorum, with a selective response rate of 51.43% and 70.59%, respectively. In addition, the repellent (linalool) and attractive effects (5-hydroxymethylfurfural) of the two compounds on Bemisia tabaci Q-biotype were also significant. After combination of the two compounds in the “push-pull” strategy, the average numbers of A. lucorum and B. tabaci on host plants were (2.2±0.6) and (1.9±1.0) individuals, respectively, and the numbers of adults on the sticky boards were (7.7±0.7) and (21.9±1.6) individuals, respectively, which showed significant differences compared with those of the control groups.5-hydroxymethylfurfural showed no attractive activity to Tribolium castaneum, whereas linalool had repellent effect with a selective response rate of 25%. It suggested that the “push-pull” strategy had a good application prospect for controlling economic pests.
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