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宋子伟1, 肖俊健1, 2, 张宝鑫1, 薛晓峰3, 李敦松1*.荔枝瘿螨生物学及其防控研究进展[J].植物保护,2023,49(2):32-38.
荔枝瘿螨生物学及其防控研究进展
Research progress in biology and management of eriophyid mites on litchi
投稿时间:2021-12-09  修订日期:2022-03-14
DOI:10.16688/j.zwbh.2021694
中文关键词:  荔枝瘤瘿螨  荔枝分位瘿螨  植绥螨  综合防治  防治适期
英文关键词:Aceria litchii  Disella litchii  phytoseiid mites  integrated pest management  suitable period for control
基金项目:财政部和农业农村部:国家现代农业(荔枝龙眼)产业技术体系(CAS-32-13)
作者单位E-mail
宋子伟1, 肖俊健1, 2, 张宝鑫1, 薛晓峰3, 李敦松1* SONG Ziwei1, XIAO Junjian1, 2, ZHANG Baoxin1, XUE Xiaofeng3, LI Dunsong1* dsli@gdppri.cn 
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中文摘要:
      荔枝瘿螨是为害荔枝的一类重要害虫, 体型小?种类多?分布广?随着荔枝种植面积的扩大?荔枝果实和荔枝苗木的远距离运输, 给荔枝瘿螨的传播创造了条件?本文主要总结了国内荔枝瘿螨的研究结果, 阐明了荔枝瘿螨的种类及其分布特点; 以荔枝瘤瘿螨 Aceria litchii和荔枝分位瘿螨 Disella litchii为例, 阐述了荔枝瘿螨的生物学特性及种群动态?天敌?寄主(荔枝品种)的抗虫(瘿螨)性?种群监测技术?防治措施等方面的研究进展?结合产业发展, 指出生产中亟待解决的问题和研究方向, 并提出建立“以农业防治为基础?生物防治相结合?化学防控为辅助”的荔枝瘿螨综合防控技术体系的具体措施?
英文摘要:
      Litchi eriophyid mites are among the major pests of litchi, characterized by tiny body size, diversified species and wide distribution. They spread rapidly due to the expansion of litchi planting and long-distance transport of litchi fresh fruits and litchi seedlings. In this review, based on the previous advances in litchi eriophyid mites in China, the species and geographic distribution of litchi eriophyid mites were summarized. The biological characteristics and the population dynamics of litchi eriophyid mites, natural enemies, host (litchi varieties) resistance to insects (eriophyid mites), population surveillance, and management measures were expounded by using Aceria litchii and Disella litchii as examples. Finally, the problems and the future directions in litchi production were discussed in terms of litchi industry development. We also put forth an IPM system for controlling litchi eriophyid mites by integrating agricultural control, biological control and chemical control.
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