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姚 领#, 房 敏#, 李晓萌, 李桂亭, 唐庆峰*.草地贪夜蛾对三种杂草的产卵和取食选择性[J].植物保护,2020,46(4):181-184.
草地贪夜蛾对三种杂草的产卵和取食选择性
Oviposition and feeding selectivity of Spodoptera frugiperda to three weeds
投稿时间:2020-02-25  修订日期:2020-03-03
DOI:10.16688/j.zwbh.2020092
中文关键词:  草地贪夜蛾  杂草  嗜食寄主  产卵选择  取食选择
英文关键词:Spodoptera frugiperda  weed  preferable host  oviposition selectivity  feeding selectivity
基金项目:安徽省科技重大专项(201903a06020027);安徽省烟草绿色防控重大专项(20170551024);安徽省学术和技术带头人后备人选科研活动经费(2019H238)
作者单位E-mail
姚 领#, 房 敏#, 李晓萌, 李桂亭, 唐庆峰* 安徽农业大学植物保护学院, 作物有害生物综合治理安徽省重点实验室, 植物病虫害生物学与绿色防控安徽普通高校重点实验室, 合肥 230036 tangqf55@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      为探索杂草是否可作为草地贪夜蛾产卵和取食的选择对象,本试验以婆婆纳、鹅肠菜和泽漆作为测试植物,比较分析草地贪夜蛾对3种杂草的产卵及取食选择性。结果表明,以3种杂草为选择对象时,婆婆纳上卵块数(14.00块±0.58块)和卵粒数(1 305.00粒±28.16粒)显著高于其他两种杂草;以玉米和婆婆纳为选择对象时,嗜食寄主玉米上的卵块数(16.33块±0.88块)和卵粒数(1 333.00粒±28.04粒)显著高于婆婆纳(分别为12.00块±0.58块和991.00粒±24.09粒)。草地贪夜蛾1~4龄幼虫取食偏好性总体表现为玉米>婆婆纳>鹅肠菜>泽漆,5龄和6龄幼虫对每种植物的取食选择性无明显差异。上述结果说明,在有嗜食寄主玉米时,草地贪夜蛾成虫和低龄幼虫优先选择在玉米上产卵和取食,杂草中对婆婆纳的产卵和取食偏好性显著高于其他杂草,高龄幼虫取食偏好性无显著差异。
英文摘要:
      In order to find out whether weeds can be used as oviposition and feeding of Spodoptera frugiperda, the oviposition and feeding selectivity of the S.frugiperda to three weeds including Veronica polita, Myosoton aquaticum and Euphorbia helioscopia were analyzed. The results showed that the numbers of egg mass (14.00 pieces±0.58 pieces)and eggs (1 305.00 pieces±28.16 pieces) on the V.polita were the highest, which were significantly higher than those on the other two weeds; the numbers of egg mass (16.33 pieces±0.88 pieces)and eggs (1 333.00±28.04) on its favorite host corn were significantly higher than those on the V.polita (12.00 pieces±0.58 pieces and 991.00 eggs±24.09 eggs), respectively. The feeding preference of the 1st to 4th instar of S.frugiperda was Zea mays>V.polita>M.aquaticum>E.helioscopia. But for the 5th and 6th instar, their feeding selectivity for each plant was not significantly different. The results showed that the adult and young larva preferred to lay eggs and feed on Zea mays when it is available, and among the three weeds, the S.frugiperda preferred to oviposit and feed on V.polita. The elderly larvae showed no significant difference in feeding preference to corn and three weeds.
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