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李 炼1, 胡警匀1, 栗振义1, 苗福泓1, 刘贵河2, 孙 娟1*.10种除草剂及组合对芨芨草的防效评价[J].植物保护,2020,46(3):285-290.
10种除草剂及组合对芨芨草的防效评价
Evaluation of control effects of 10 herbicides and their combinations on Achnatherum splendens
投稿时间:2019-02-25  修订日期:2019-04-13
DOI:DOI: 10.16688/j.zwbh.2019081
中文关键词:  芨芨草  除草剂  化学防除
英文关键词:Achnatherum splendens  herbicide  chemical control
基金项目:国家牧草产业技术体系(CARS-34)
作者单位E-mail
李 炼1, 胡警匀1, 栗振义1, 苗福泓1, 刘贵河2, 孙 娟1* 1. 青岛农业大学动物科技学院, 青岛 266109
2. 河北北方学院动物科技学院, 张家口 075000 
E-mail:sunjuan@qau.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为筛选出对芨芨草具有高效防除作用的除草剂品种及组合,本研究采用茎叶喷雾法分别在芨芨草开花期和平茬(成株芨芨草离地面15 cm刈割)后第3天施药,测定了10种常用除草剂品种和6个除草剂组合对芨芨草的防除效果,获得了“花期茎叶喷施除草剂”和“平茬+喷施除草剂方式”清除芨芨草技术。1)开花期:18%草铵膦AS在有效剂量(下同)405 g/hm2时,药后7 d见效,30 d鲜重防效达100%;41%草甘膦异丙胺盐AS剂量为922.5 g/hm2时,药后5 d见效,30 d鲜重防效达87.18%;24%烯草酮EC剂量为216 g/hm2时,药后15 d见效,30 d鲜重防效达77.03%;18%草铵膦AS 180 g/hm2+10.8%高效氟吡甲禾灵EC 37.8 g/hm2处理,药后5 d见效,30 d鲜重防效达91.30%。 2)平茬后:18%草铵膦AS、41%草甘膦异丙胺盐AS均药后5 d见效,30 d鲜重防效均大于87%;30%苯唑草酮SC剂量为22.5 g/hm2时,药后5 d见效,30 d鲜重防效达85.97%;24%烯草酮EC剂量为144 g/hm2时,药后7 d见效,30 d鲜重防效达88.21%;15.8%精喹禾灵EC剂量135 g/hm2时,药后7 d见效,30 d鲜重防效达85.26%;12.5%烯禾啶EC 112.5 g/hm2+15.8%精喹禾灵EC 15.8 g/hm2处理,药后5 d见效,30 d鲜重防效达97.97%。
英文摘要:
      Control effects of 10 common herbicides and 6 herbicide combinations on Achnatherum splendens were investigated to select out the herbicides and combinations with high control efficacy by foliar spray method at flowering stage and stumping stage (the third day after mowed). The techniques of “foliar spraying herbicides at florescence” and “spraying herbicides method after mowed” to eliminate Achnatherum splendens were obtained in this study. 1) At flowering stage,when applying glufosinate-ammonium 18% AS at 405 g/hm2, the effect began to act after 7 days and the control efficacy on fresh weight reached 100% at the 30th day. When applying the combinations of glufosinate-ammonium 18% AS at 180 g/hm2 with haloxyfop-P-methyl 10.8% EC at 37.8 g/hm2, the control efficacy on fresh weight reached 91.30% at the 30th day. When applying glyphosate-isopropylammonium 41% AS at 922.5 g/hm2, the control efficacy began to act after 5 days and fresh weight control efficacy reached 87.18% at 30th the day. The fresh weight control efficacy of clethodim 24% EC at 216 g/hm2 was 77.03% at the 30th day. 2) At After stumping stage, both glufosinate-ammonium 18% AS and 41% glyphosate-isopropylammonium AS have effect after 5 days, and the control efficacies on fresh weight were above 87% at the 30th day. The effect began to act 5 days later when spraying the topramezone 30% SC at 22.5 g/hm2, and the fresh weight control efficacy reached 85.97% at the 30th day. Spraying clethodim 24% EC at 144 g/hm2, the control efficacy on fresh weight reached 88.21% at the 30th day and the effect began to act after 7 days. The fresh weight control efficacy of quizalofop-P-ethyl 15.8% EC at 135 g/hm2 reached 85.26% at the 30th day. When spraying the herbicide combinations of quizalofop-P-ethyl 15.8% EC at 15.8 g/hm2 with sethoxydim 12.5% EC at 112.5 g/hm2, the effect began to act after 5 days and the control efficacy on fresh weight reached 97.97% at the 30th day.
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