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钱广晶 1, 宋学雨 1, 2, 张书平 1, 李 尚 1, 2, 王振兴 1, 毕守东 1*, 周夏芝 2*, 邹运鼎 2, 闫 萍 1.安徽合肥地区茶园蓟马与其捕食性天敌的关系[J].植物保护,2019,45(6):229-237.
安徽合肥地区茶园蓟马与其捕食性天敌的关系
Relationships between the tea thrips and the predatory natural enemies in Hefei, Anhui province
投稿时间:2018-10-12  修订日期:2019-01-14
DOI:10.16688/j.zwbh.2018441
中文关键词:  蓟马类害虫  茶园  捕食性天敌  综合评判
英文关键词:thrips pests  tea garden  predatory natural enemy  comprehensive analysis
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(30871444); 安徽省自然科学基金(11040606M71)
作者单位E-mail
钱广晶 1, 宋学雨 1, 2, 张书平 1, 李 尚 1, 2, 王振兴 1, 毕守东 1*, 周夏芝 2*, 邹运鼎 2, 闫 萍 1 1.安徽农业大学理学院, 合肥 230036
2. 安徽农业大学林学与园林学院, 合肥 230036 
毕守东bishoudong@163.com; 周夏芝zhouxz@ahau.edu.cn 
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全文下载次数: 33
中文摘要:
      采用灰色系统分析方法和生态位分析法, 研究了安徽合肥地区2015年和2016年‘乌牛早’茶园和‘白毫早’茶园的蓟马与其捕食性天敌在数量、时间、空间格局等方面的关联, 依据天敌与蓟马关系密切指数之和, 评判出蓟马的主要天敌。结果表明‘白毫早’茶园蓟马的主要天敌是八斑球腹蛛(10.890 1)、锥腹肖蛸(9.8740)、鳞纹肖蛸〖JP+1〗(9.1478)和茶色新圆蛛(8.552 2); ‘乌牛早’茶园蓟马两年的前四位主要天敌是八斑球腹蛛(11.347 8)、锥腹肖蛸(9.634 4)、异色瓢虫(9.627 0)和鳞纹肖蛸(9.507 3)。综合分析, 2015年和2016年‘乌牛早’茶园和‘白毫早’茶园蓟马前四位天敌中有三种相同, 即八斑球腹蛛、锥腹肖蛸和鳞纹肖蛸。两种茶园两年高峰日的蓟马类都是聚集分布格局, 其聚集是由蓟马本身原因或环境中的某一因子引起的。该分析方法是评判害虫主要天敌较为理想的方法。
英文摘要:
      The quantity, time and spatial patterns of the tea thrips and the natural enemies were investigated by grey system analysis, ecological niche analysis in ‘Baihaozao’ and ‘Wuniuzao’ tea gardens in Hefei of Anhui province in 2015 and 2016. According to the sum of the closeness index of the relationship between natural enemies and thrips, the dominant natural enemies of thrips were judged. The results indicated that the top four natural enemies of thrips in ‘Baihaozao’ tea gardens over the two years were Theridion octomaculatum (10.890 1), Tetragnatha maxillosa (9.8740), T. squamata (9.1478) and Neoscona Theisi (8.552 2). The top four natural enemies of thrips in ‘Wuniuzao’ tea gardens over the two years were T.octomaculatum (11.347 8), T. Maxillosa (9.634 4), Harmonia axyridis (9.627 0) and T. squamata (9.507 3). The comprehensive analysis showed that three of the top four natural enemies of the thrips were the same in ‘Baihaozao’ and ‘Wuniuzao’ tea gardens in 2015 and 2016; the first and second were T.octomaculatum and T. maxillosa, followed by T. squamata. The thrips in the two tea gardens both had aggregated distribution during the peak period of the two years, due to thrips themselves or an environmental factor. This analysis is a good way to judge the dominant natural enemies of the pests.
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