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李绍建, 王 娜, 崔小伟, 高 蒙, 桑素玲, 范腕腕, 王振宇*.花生新黑地珠蚧发生为害及其系统发育[J].植物保护,2019,45(5):237-241.
花生新黑地珠蚧发生为害及其系统发育
The occurrence, damage and phylogeny of Neomargarodes gossypii
投稿时间:2018-09-13  修订日期:2018-11-08
DOI:DOI: 10.16688/j.zwbh.2018400
中文关键词:  花生新黑地珠蚧  田间为害  虫体发育  系统发育分析  珠蚧科
英文关键词:Neomargarodes gossypii  field hazard  development  phylogenetic analysis  Margarodidae
基金项目:国家自然科学基金-河南人才培养联合基金(U1504317)
作者单位
李绍建, 王 娜, 崔小伟, 高 蒙, 桑素玲, 范腕腕, 王振宇* 河南省农业科学院植物保护研究所
农业部华北南部作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室
河南省农作物病虫害综合防治重点实验室, 郑州 450002 
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中文摘要:
      本文以花生地下害虫花生新黑地珠蚧为研究对象, 对其田间危害及虫体发育情况进行了调查, 并利用分子生物学技术对其进行系统发育研究。田间调查结果表明, 花生新黑地珠蚧在河南省一年发生一代, 多发生于沙壤土, 主要以珠体状的2龄若虫为害花生根部; 雌雄珠体数量及大小差异均较大, 单株花生上为害的雌珠体数17~78头, 雄珠体数59~146头, 雌雄珠体性比为1.00∶2.61, 雌雄珠体直径分别为4.72~7.26 mm和1.83~2.65 mm。通过系统发育分析和传统形态学分类的综合分析表明本研究中所采集害虫为花生新黑地珠蚧, 隶属于半翅目蚧总科珠蚧科。
英文摘要:
      This study aims to investigate the field hazard and development of Neomargarodes gossypii, and reconstruct the phylogenetic relationship among different families. Field survey indicated that N.gossypii occurred one generation per year in Henan province which fed on the roots of peanut by its pearl shaped 2nd-instar nymph, and preferred sandy soil habitats. There were large differences on the amount and size between female and male pearl. The amount of female and male pearl per peanut was 17~78 and 59~146, respectively and the sex ratio was 1.00∶2.61. The diameters of female and male pearl were 4.72~7.26 mm and 1.83~2.65 mm, respectively. Through comprehensive analysis of phylogenetic tree and morphological classification, the samples collected in Henan peanut fields were identified as N.gossypii that belongs to Margarodidae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea).
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